Brantford, Ontario

 
The Joseph Brant Monument was erected by the city of Brantford, Ontario, in recognition of loyalist Mohawk leader, Joseph Brant who fought on the side of the British during the Revolutionary War. In 1784, following the War, Joseph Brant led some 1,843 Iroquois Loyalists from New York State to the land granted them in Ontario by Sir Frederick Haldimand as restitution for their losses in the war. Today, the Six Nations Reserve is located just outside of Brantford.
     

 

  The Honourable John Beverley Robinson (b.1821  d.1896)

 

Library and Archives Canada

 Biography of Joseph Thayendanegea Brant

   
    Statue of Joseph Thayendanegea Brant by Percy Wood

  Chief Joseph Thayendanegea Brant

 

(From a suggestion made in August 1874), a monument in memory of Joseph Thayendanegea Brant, erected in the center of Victoria Park, was created by famous British sculptor Percy Wood. Wood made two visits to Canada to make sketches of the Six Nations peoples. The figure of Brant and those representing the Mohawks, Oneidas, Onondagas, Cayugas, Senecas and Tuscaroras are cast in bronze. The bronze, from cannons used at the battles of Waterloo and the Crimean War, was donated by the British government in honour of Brant and the Six Nations people's support of the British during the American Revolution.

When the cornerstone of the monument was laid on August 11, 1886, William Cockshutt read the poem that talented Six Nations writer Pauline Johnson had written for the occasion. 
(Also in attendance was the Honourable John Beverley Robinson, Lieutenant Governor of Ontario.)  The monument was unveiled on October 13, 1886, and remains a centerpiece of Brantford's heritage. "

City of Brantford Mayor's Office website


 " The idea for this memorial originated with the Hereditary Chiefs in 1874.  In 1877 they allocated $5,000 (in a time when workers would be fortunate to make 75 for a 10-12 hour work day in a six-day work week this was a very considerable sum to be appropriated from the meager band funds) towards the project.  In 1883 (the Mississaugas of the) New Credit (Reserve) added $250 to this memorial for the Mohawk whom they had once adopted.

    Nearly $12,000 was contributed from various private sources and levels of Government.  The winner of the design competition, Percy Wood of London England, used a Chief from each of the Six Nations as models for the faces on the large figures. (The Chiefs who sat as models for the Brant Monument were Chiefs Johnson, Lewis, Hill, Given, Vanevery and Newhouse.)

    The castings' bronze came from cannons, donated by the British Government, which had been used at Waterloo (1815) and in the Crimean War (1853-1856).  A Chief Clench set the cornerstone August 11, 1886, with Nanticoke Chief Josiah Hill (Council's first Secretary, 1880 - 1915) chairing the event.  Pauline Johnson wrote a poem for the occasion.  Her grandfather, War of 1812 veteran and former Council Speaker, John Smoke Johnson, was present; he had been born in 1792 and had known Brant.  The statue was unveiled October 13, 1886. "

Mohawk Reporter : The Six Nations Columns of George Beaver

1997 Irocrafts ISBN 0-919645-24-0

 



Souvenir bronze medal sold at commemoration of the unveiling of the Joseph Brant Monument on October 13, 1886

" Thayendanegea - Captain Joseph Brant   Born 1842 Died 1807 "

(Above)


(Below)

" Brant Memorial Unveiled at Brantford Canada 1886 "

 

Plaque at Victoria Park, Brantford

     
 

VICTORIA PARK

"Victoria Park was set aside as a square when Lewis Burwell surveyed the original town plan for Brantford in 1830. The square was first landscaped as a formal park in 1861. The plans were prepared by John Turner, a local architect who designed many significant Brantford buildings, including the Brant County court house, Zion United Church and Park Baptist Church, which face the square. In recognition of Upper Canada's link to Britain, Turner's plan was based on the configuration of the Union Jack.

In 1886, the bronze and granite Joseph Brant Memorial was unveiled in the centre of the square. One of the first pieces of statuary of its kind in North America, the memorial to Joseph Brant and the Six Nations Confederacy was sculpted by Percy Wood, winner of the international competition.

In 1892, the granite drinking fountain was located to the west of the memorial at the Market Steet entrance to the park. This fountain was donated by J. K. Osborne, who was a vice-president of A. Harris, Son & Co. and Massey-Harris Co. Ltd., forerunners of Massey-Ferguson Ltd.

Victoria Park was designated under the The Ontario Heritage Act by Brantford City Council on September 22, 1986, as having architectural and historic importance."

 
   

 

 

 

 

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image of the

Joseph Brant Monument.

   

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Handwritten letters of Joseph Brant

--:  Notes from history  :--

The following links are images of items offered for sale on Ebay; these three letters are dated 1801, 1803 and 1805.

  

On Dedication of a Memorial to Joseph Brant

by E. Pauline Johnson  -  Tekahionwake

 

 

Emily Pauline Johnson

Tekahionwake

March 10, 1861 - March 7, 1913

 

  Click to Enlarge in same frame

Joseph Brant Monument Unveiling

October 13, 1886

   

Young Canada with mighty force sweeps on

To gain in power and strength before the dawn

That brings another era, when the sun

Shall rise again, but sadly shine upon

Her Indian graves and Indian memories.

For as the carmine in the twilight skies

Will fade as night comes on, as fades the race

That unto Might and doubtful Right gives place.

And as white clouds float hurriedly and high

Across the crimson of a sunset sky

Altho' their depths are foamy as the snow

Their beauty lies in their vermillion glow.

So, Canada, thy plumes were hardly won

Without allegiance from thy Indian son.

Thy glories, like the cloud, enhance their charm

With red reflections from the Mohawk's arm.

Then meet we as one common brotherhood

In peace and love, with purpose understood

To lift a lasting tribute to the name

Of Brant, who linked his own with Britain's fame.

Who bade his people leave their Valley Home

Where nature her fairest aspects shone,

Where rolls the Mohawk River and the land

Is blest with every good from Heaven's hand,

To sweep the tide of home affections back

And love the land where waves the Union Jack.

What tho' that home no longer ours?  Today

The Six Red Nations have their Canada.

And rest we here, no cause for us to rise

To seek protection under other skies.

Encircling us an arm both true and brave

Extends from far across the great salt wave.

Tho' but a woman's arm, 'tis firm, and strong

Enough to guard us from all fear of wrong,

An arm on which all British subjects lean --

The loving hand of England's noble Queen.

Tekahionwake

 

  Chiefswood

October 8th, 1886  


         
         
       
         
         

MICHAEL SWANSON STUDIOS INC.
449 Mt. Pleasant Rd.     Brantford  ON    Canada     N3T 5L5

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